Luodai Ancient Town scenic spot, with obviously advantageous location, is within Longquanyi District of Chengdu City, the host place of “China International Peach Blossom Festival”. It is 18km west from Chengdu downtown, 11km south from state-level Chengdu Economic & Technological Development Zone, 3km away from Chengdu-Chongqing Expressway Yangguangcheng entrance, 43km away from Shuangliu International Airport and 6km north from Hongan Railway Station. Chengluo Road and Chenghuan Road run all over the town in all directions and Chengzhao Road, Chenghong Road and Luohuang Road meet here. With a pleasant subtropical monsoon climate, the annual average temperature here is 16 - 17℃, not frigid in winter and not hot in summer. Both water quality and atmosphere meet the national standards. It is suitable for travel all the year round. Located in the “second” economic circle of Chengdu City, it is a key scenic spot of “Two-Lake and One-mountain” tourist zone created by Sichuan Provincial Government, a national AAAA-grade tourist attraction, one of the first key small towns in the country, a key protected town in Chengdu City, a prior town for cultural tourism development in Chengdu City, a national famous historical and cultural town, a national demonstration base for cultural industry, the home of Chinese folk culture and art, an “Advanced Town for Fit-keeping Program for Hundreds of Millions of Farmers” in the whole country and the largest as well as the sole Hakka ancient town in West China. As more than 85% of the population of the town is Hakkas, the town is the typical representative of Hakka community in Sichuan Province. For this reason, it is also called “World’s Luodai and Eternal Hakka”. As one of the core branch venues for the 20th World’s Hakka Conference, Luodai has its position been established in the Hakka culture of the world. The town has rich tourism cultural resources and tourism develops rapidly here. Hakka Culture Scenic Spot in the old street, Jinlonghu Scenic Spot and Baoshengcun Hakka Original Ecological Village bring out the best in each other and shine together to present a cultural ecotourism pattern of “walk into history – return to nature – experience landscapes”.
According to legend, there had been a street called “Wanfu Street” in Luodai in Three Kingdoms, which was then renamed “Wanjing Street” by Zhu Geliang when he was prospering cities. The Chinese characters of Luodai were originally, which got its name from two sources: First, according to legend, Liu Adou, the crown prince of Shu in Three Kingdoms, inadvertently dropped his jade belt into an octagonal well because of catching a carp when he was playing in the town, so the town was called Luodai; second, as there was a river resembling a jade belt in shape, thus the town was called Luodai. Afterwards, it was gradually simplified and accepted through common practice as.
The name of “Luodai” was first observed in “Mou Yu in Luodai, Chengdu City” recorded by Du Guangting in Five Dynasties in late Tang in his Thoughts from a Fairy. This indicates that the name of “Luodai” was established before late Tang. In St. Mary’s Church in the period of Huang Hu in Northern Song Dynasty (1049 – 1054), “Luodai” had been called a town; in the seventh year of Northern Song Dynasty (1074), Rain Praying in Ruiying Courtyard of Lingquan County written by Zhang Pu records: “Lingquan, a county of the city, while Luodai, a town of the county”; Nine Regions’ Topography in Yuan Feng Period (Ⅷ), a national geographical book compiled and released in the period of Yuan Feng of Northern Song Dynasty (1078 – 1085), clearly records the administrative divisions of Lingquan County in Chengdu City: “fifteen townships and three towns including Luodai, Wangdian and Xiaodongyang”. Therefore, Luodai had become a regional market town in early Song Dynasty. It is really an “Ancient Town for One Thousand Years”.
Luodia Ancient Town is a Hakka town which is preserved most intact in the outskirts of Chengdu and has a good name for “primary town for Hakkas in the west”, which possesses very abundant tourism resources and very profound cultural foundation. Luodai scenic zone mainly includes Luodai Ancient Town Core Protection Area, Jinlonghu Scenic Spot and Baosheng Original Ecological Hakka Village. The old street for thousands of years and Hakka dwellings are kept intact in the town. The old street presents a layout of “one street and seven lanes” with great spatial variation; numerous shops of typical architectural styles of Ming and Qing Dynasties stand on both sides of the street. “One street”, consisting of up street and down street, is about 8m wide and 1,200m long, higher in the east and lower in the west and inlaid with flagstones; on both sides of the street crisscrosses “seven lanes”, North Lane, Fengyi Lane, Huaishu Lane, Jiangxi Guildhall Lane, Chaishi Lane, Macaoyan Lane and Kangshi Lane respectively. The town is especially famous for national key cultural relics preservation sites – four guildhalls (Guangdong Guildhall, Jiangxi Guildhall, Huguang Guildhall and Chuanbei Guildhall), Hakka Museum and Hakka Park, which have a total area of above 20,000 m2 are a wonderful work in ancient Chinese architecture - “Grand View Garden”. Luodai guildhalls are a reduced history of Hakka immigration and are of typical architectural styles of Ming and Qing Dynasties. In each hall, there are log bows chased into a stage scene, color paintings on architraves in the central room and medium sheds and ridges of humpbacked roof on which various dragons, phoenixes, flowers, birds and dramatic characters are engraved vividly, elaborately and very exquisitely. They are of extremely high art appreciation value. The firewalls are brick, of huge hemicycle shape and irregular in height, undulating like two green dragons soaring up into the air and trying to fly into the sky. Luodai guildhalls are of extremely high historical, architectural, cultural and scientific values. Jinlonghu Scenic Spot are full of fragrant flowers in spring and fruits in autumn with singing birds; matin bells and vesper drums can be heard from the temple; the lake is green and rippling. There are Jinlong Imitated Great Wall which hardly can be distinguished from the genuine, Jinlong Temple which has many worshippers, old Mo rock image statues, etc. Baosheng Original Ecological Hakka Village masterly combines the development of environmental-friendly agriculture and of tourism economy and becomes the Hakka ecological cultural tourism area of Luodai. It is celebrated as “the back garden of Chengdu”.